|Description||Annotate signature of logic patterns.|
|Probes||start, stop, clk, data|
|Options||start_edge, stop_edge, clk_edge, annbits|
The signature protocol decoder can decode the HP "signature" protocol used for troubleshooting logic circuits.
Signature Analysis (SA) gives you a four-character fingerprint (signature) from any logic pattern, which can be used to determine whether a node/IC is functioning properly or not. Some of Hewlett Packard gear provide valid signature in the service manual.
$ sigrok-cli -P signature:start=D0:stop=D1:clk=D2:data=D3 -i circuit_under_test.sr signature-1: A3A5 signature-1: 6F9A signature-1: 6F9A signature-1: 6F9A ...
The first signature (A3A5 in this case) is often wrong. This is called an unstable state. HP 5004A and others have an unstable indicator, which we don't have. But clearly 6F9A is stable. You can determine stable/unstable by repetitivity.
signature-1: 13AA signature-1: H344 signature-1: F405 signature-1: 8UP8 signature-1: 052H signature-1: 5CH1 signature-1: U2FA signature-1: 713P signature-1: 0P5P ...
This is an entirely unstable example. Sometimes this is caused by a low samplerate. HP 5004A has 25MHz (equivalent) bandwidth. Samplerate should be at least 25MHz. In sigrok-cli --samplerate=24MHz is maybe OK, but sometimes not.
If you have a high enough samplerate but still get unstable value, maybe the circuit in that node is not working properly (or you forgot to switch to SA-Mode).
Another example of an unstable state (exact same probe point, but different samplerate):
CLOCK is below 1MHz in this example, however it doesn't mean 8MHz samplerate is enough. DATA is asynchronous with respect to CLOCK.
- Signature is 0000 if all data are LO(0).
- Signature is 0001 if all data are HI(1), and CLOCK is 65535 cycles during START to STOP.
- Signature is 0003 if all data are HI(1), and CLOCK is 65536 cycles during START to STOP.
- Usually the service manual tells you what signature of GND and V+(5V etc). From this, you can confirm START/STOP/CLOCK is working properly.
- Do set up properly. Follow provided procedure (see manual). Edge mode of START/STOP/CLOCK may vary, even on the same board.
- Because the logic threshold depends on the acquisition hardware, this decoder does not perfectly mimic the HP 5004A. However if it shows the same signature as a service manual provided, that node is most likely OK.
Known signature analyzers
- HP 5004A (Operating and Service Manual)
- HP 5005A / 5005B
- HP 5006A
- Tektronix SA501
- Sony/Tektronix 308
- ATARI CAT BOX arcade board tester